The jargon security professionals use can be confusing, but don’t let that discourage you from making informed decisions about protecting your church. The following explanations will help you understand common security terms.
Single and double cylinder deadbolts are the most common types of locks.
Single cylinder deadbolt locks are operated by a key on one side and a twist knob on the other. They’re easy to use, but their security can be compromised if used near a window. A burglar can break the window, reach in, and unlock the door by twisting the knob. This makes it easy to get in and carry your belongings out.
Double cylinder deadbolt locks require the use of a key on both the interior and exterior sides. If there are windows near the door, this type of lock will prevent a burglar from reaching through and unlocking the door.
Note: For most church or ministry buildings, deadbolt locks may only be allowed on interior or office doors. Fire codes require most buildings that will be occupied by the public to have exit doors with panic bars to allow easy escape in an emergency situation. Check your local fire codes and building ordinances to be sure your exterior doors have the proper locking mechanisms.
Fire extinguishers are classified according to the types of fires they are best suited to fight. There are three common classes of fire extinguishers:
Class A: Ordinary combustibles like wood, paper, and trash.
Class B: Flammable liquids like grease, oil, and gasoline.
Class C: Electrical equipment like appliances, electric motors, and fuse boxes.
Multi-purpose: The most versatile extinguishers are multi-purpose dry chemical and are classified with an A-B-C designation. They can be used to put out most fires.
Either carbon dioxide units or fire extinguishers with a minimum rating of 40BC are recommended for kitchen areas. Whatever type of extinguisher you use, choose one with a rating of at least 2A and 20BC. Never use type A extinguishers for fires involving flammable liquids or electrical equipment.
Monitored alarm systems are monitored by private security companies in another location. The alarm equipment at the protected building is connected directly to a monitoring company. Whenever an alarm goes off, the monitoring company receives an alert and then notifies the proper local authorities and predetermined contact people. There is usually a monthly monitoring fee for this type of service.
Detecting a fire early can save lives and reduce the damage to your property. Heat and smoke detectors are the most common ways of detecting fire.
Smoke detectors detect the smoke produced by a fire. Smoke detectors can be set off very quickly by even a small amount of smoke. However, they can be a nuisance in kitchen areas, where cooking can cause frequent false alarms.
The type of smoke detector you use is less important than having enough of them and keeping them well maintained.
Heat detectors require a certain temperature to set them off. They are most valuable in kitchen areas and attics, where smoke detectors are not generally recommended. Heat detectors should never be used as a replacement for smoke detectors; a combination of the two can be used for the most effective fire detection.
Glass Breakage Detector. This type of device is activated by the unique sound frequency of breaking glass.
Zones are specific protected areas of a building or groups of detection devices. On many security systems, separate zones can be activated individually, allowing some zones to be active while others are bypassed. Many security system keypads also display which zones are active or in which zone an alarm occurred.
Supervised telephone or electrical lines are designed to alert a monitoring company if someone tampers with them. This prevents burglars from eluding detection by cutting phone or electrical lines to disable an alarm system.
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